June 16, 2024 in Artificial Intelligence, Motion Control & Motors, Robotics, Vision & Imaging


A Dynamic And Significant Progress :


Imagine a methodology that could transform underdeveloped economies, helping them overcome inefficiencies and leapfrog traditional development stages.

That methodology is process automation.

Several sources have claimed process automation as a game changer for these economies, unlocking productivity, reducing costs, and driving growth.

Today we will be exploring the value of process automation for underdeveloped economies and how it can help bridge the gap to developed economies and also assist the technological and manufacturing communities and government leaders in underdeveloped economies.

But before we proceed, let's get some foundational  knowledge on: Underdeveloped economies and issues they struggle with.


According to the UN, a developing country is a nation with a relatively low standard of living, underdeveloped industrial base, and moderate to low human development index.

This index is a comparative measure of poverty, literacy, education, life expectancy and other factors for countries worldwide.

(Source: www.educationalpathwaysinternational.org)

We often refer to them as less developed countries (LCDs) or rising economies.

Unlike industrialized nations, these countries often have a poor level of Industrialization, Infrastructure, and per capita income.

Statistics show about 880 million people, 12 percent of the world population live in underdeveloped countries(Source: www.Unctad.org), Also according to UNESCO, (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) there are currently 46 least developed countries, 33 of which are in Africa.

With a few already in your mind, below are a list of some of these countries whose economies are yet to develop.


  1. Pakistan
  2. Burkina-faso
  3. Iran
  4. Nigeria
  5. Brazil
  6. Afghanistan
  7. Solomon Islands
  8. Lesotho
  9. Kiribati
  10. Lao people's Democratic Republic.


The susceptibilities of Underdeveloped economies have evolved since the United Nations (UN)created the category five decades ago, and they often face major roadblocks that hinder their unending development.

As quoted by UNCTAD’s director for Africa, these susceptibilities include: soaring debt, export marginalization, energy poverty and climate Vulnerability.


  1. Soaring Debt: The total external debt of the least developed countries in the world was $570 billion in 2022, with the public and publicly guaranteed portion reaching $353 billion. This is more than three times higher than in 2006. The debt burden of these countries continue to climb, with the total external debt of least developing countries eligible for debt service suspension initiative (DSSI) climbing 9.5% to a record $744 Billion in 2019 .
  2. Export Marginalization: LDCs ( least developing countries) also remain marginalized in global trade. Their share of global merchandise exports has hovered around just 1% since 2010. And their main exports leave them highly vulnerable.
  3. Energy Poverty: Undeveloped economies also suffer from energy poverty which results in limited access to industrial development, agriculture and entrepreneurship, stifling economic growth. Also inefficient energy sources and frequent power outages reduce productivity, leading to decreased output and competitiveness.

The main question now is, are there ways these challenges faced by underdeveloped economies can be tackled?

The Answer is yes, one of the few ways to tackle this is no other than the power of:


What is Process Automation?

Process Automation is defined as the use of software and technology to automate business processes and functions in order to accomplish defined organizational goals, such as producing a product, hiring and onboarding an employee, or providing customer service (Source: www.Sap.com)

According to TIBO.com process automation uses technology to automate complex business processes. It typically has three functions.


  • Automating
  • Processes, centralizing Information, and reducing the requirement for input from people
  • It is designed to remove bottlenecks, reduce errors and loss of data, all while increasing transparency, communication across departments and speed of processing.

Automation includes the use of various equipment and control systems such as machinery, processes in factories, boilers, and heat-treating ovens.

Also it involves switching on telephone networks, steering, stabilization of ships, aircraft and other applications with reduced human intervention. Examples include from a household thermostat, controlling a boiler to a large industrial control system with tens of thousands of input measurements and output control signals. (Source: Wikipedia.org)

History of Process Automation

The term automation was coined in the automobile industry in 1946, to describe the increased use of automatic devices and controls in mechanized production lines.

The origin of the word is attributed to D.S Harder an engineering manager at the ford motor company at the time. The term is used widely in manufacturing context, but it is also applied outside manufacturing, in connection with a variety of systems in which there is a significant substitution of mechanical, electric, or computerized action for human effort and intelligence.

The technology of Automation evolved from the related field of mechanization which had its beginnings in the industrial revolution.

Mechanization refers to the replacement of human (or animal) power with mechanical power of some form. The driving force behind mechanization has been humankind's propensity to create tools and mechanical devices. (Source: Britannica.com)

The first tools made of stones were prehistoric man's attempts to direct his own physical strength under the control of human intelligence.

Thousands of years were required for the development of simple mechanical devices and machines such as the wheel, the lever and pulley, by which the power of human muscle could be magnified.

The next extension was the development of powered machines that did not require human strength to operate.

Examples of these machines include water wheels, windmills, and simple steam driven devices.

More than 2,000 years ago, the Chinese developed Trip-hammers powered by flowing water and water wheels.

The early Greeks also experimented with simple reaction motors powered by steam.

The mechanical clock, representing a rather complex assembly with its own built in power source (a weight), was developed about 1335 In Europe.

Windmills, with mechanisms for automatically turning the sails, were developed during the middle ages in Europe and the middle east.

The steam engine represented a major advance in the development of powered machines and marked the beginning of the industrial revolution.

During the two centuries since the introduction of the watt steam engine, powered engines and machines have been devised to obtain energy from steam, electricity and chemicals.

Modern Development

A number of significant developments in various fields have occurred during the 20th century.

The digital computer, Improvements in data-storage technology,  software to write computer programs, advances in sensor technology, and the derivation of a mathematical control theory. All these developments have contributed to progress in automation technology.

Examples Of Process Automation


  1. Robotic Process Automation (RPA): Using software bots to perform tasks like data entry, document processing and customer service
  2. Business Process Management (BPM): Automating and managing business processes like workflows, approvals and task assignments.
  3. Workflow Automation: Automating the flow of tasks, documents, and approvals within an organization
  4. Industrial Automation: Using sensors, Machines and control systems to automate manufacturing, production and logistics processes.
  5. Intelligent Process Automation (IPA): Combination of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning and RPA to automate complex processes.

Process Automation is by no means a futuristic technology that is surely here to change the world of technology, but how does it add value to underdeveloped economies?

Of what use benefit will it have on the level of productivity, or the economical growth of these underdeveloped economies and not just that, but also how it would impact technological communities, how would it benefit the Advanced manufacturing leaders in such economy and make their competitors feel the heat of breathy air on their necks, and how much value would it be to the Government leaders of underdeveloped economies.

Don't loosen your seatbelt yet, come with me as i reveal the:



  1. Increase Export Competitiveness: In developing nations, Industrial automation can potentially and considerably increase export Competitiveness. These nations can create items more quickly, effectively, and affordably by automating their manufacturing processes, which boosts their ability to compete in the world market. This may result in higher levels of exports, better revenues in foreign currency, and an improvement in the local economy
  2. Empowerment Of Small and Medium Enterprises: Small and medium- sized firms (SME) in developing nations are significantly impacted by industrial automation. These companies may boost their competitiveness and achieve sustained growth through automation. Automation enables SMEs to improve productivity, streamline operations and satisfy the needs of larger customers and supply chains.
  3. Increased Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): Industrial automation has a good effect on developing nations through increasing Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). At a high level, implementing automation denotes a favorable business climate and technical preparedness, luring international investors in search of simplified operations, trained labor, and affordable costs. Automation may provide developing nations a competitive edge because it boosts supply chain efficiency, increases productivity, and lowers manufacturing costs. Industrial automation offers developing nations a distinctive opportunity to demonstrate their dedication to innovation, superior manufacturing skills, and preparedness to participate in global value chains. This draws in international capital and promotes the transfer of technology, expertise, and the development of jobs in the host nation.
  4. Transfer Of Knowledge And Skill Development: Industrial automation encourages the development of innovation and entrepreneurial ecosystems in emerging nations. Automation technologies increase the need for qualified workers who can run and maintain these systems when they are put into place. This demand, in turn, encourages the creation of educational institutions, vocational training programs, and training programs specializing in automation-related skills. These programs not only provide people with the technical know-how they need, but they also promote an innovative and entrepreneurial culture. The creation of local entrepreneurs, technology-based businesses, and research-driven institutions due to the increased information and skills gained via automation has contributed to the general growth and development of the nation’s economy.
  5. Access To Advanced Technologies: Industrial automation favors emerging nations by increasing access to cutting-edge technology like cloud computing, robots, artificial intelligence, and the Internet of Things (IoT). These innovations enable underdeveloped countries to close the technological gap and quicken industrialization. By implementing robotics, they may automate production procedures, boost production effectiveness, and enhance product quality. They can use data analytics to make wise decisions and do predictive maintenance thanks to artificial intelligence. Connectivity is made more accessible by the Internet of Things, which also makes smart factory monitoring and control possible. Scalable infrastructure and access to cutting-edge software tools are provided by cloud computing. These technologies enable developing nations to embrace automation and promote economic growth, innovation, and global branding.
  6. Achieving Sustainable Development: Sustainable development may be seen as an equilibrium condition in emerging nations through industrial automation. Automation reduces waste creation and increases resource efficiency by optimizing resource allocation and utilizing cutting-edge mathematical modeling approaches. Industrial operations may attain the maximum levels of efficiency while minimizing environmental impact by applying optimization methods like linear programming and integer programming. Furthermore, automation makes it possible to integrate renewable energy sources, like solar and wind, by utilizing sophisticated control systems and predictive analytics. Automation supports constructing a sustainable production framework by utilizing mathematical modeling, balancing economic growth, environmental preservation, and social well-being in emerging nations.
  7. Reduction In Income Inequality: Industrial automation has an ever-improving revolutionary impact on how wealth is distributed in underdeveloped nations—the economy’s entire production increases due to automation technologies’ ability to increase productivity. The economic pie grows as a result, opening up new avenues for generating cash. Automation also promotes skill-biased technical advancement in favor of highly skilled people, shifting the income distribution curve. Income disparity decreases due to rising pay for competent employees as the demand for their services rises. A more fair distribution of wealth is also ensured by the efficiency improvements brought about by automation, which provide surplus value that can be redirected towards social welfare and educational programs. These investments help to reduce the income gap.
  8. Agricultural Advancements: In developing countries, industrial automation makes precision agricultural methods like GPS-guided machinery and sensor-based monitoring systems possible. With these developments, farmers can accurately control and optimize resources like water, fertilizer, and pesticides based on the needs of individual crops. This boosts productivity, reduces resource waste, and increases agricultural yields. Utilizing real-time data, weather forecasts, and soil moisture levels, irrigation systems can supply water to crops precisely. This guarantees efficient water use, reduces water loss from evaporation or runoff, and encourages sustainable agricultural practices that manage water resources.

(Source: www.Pdfsupply.com)

With these given values and benefits there are proof of success stories of underdeveloped economies who implemented process automation and reaped the enormous benefits.

Here are some success stories of underdeveloped economies that made use of process automation:

1. Kenya's Manufacturing Sector: Kenya's manufacturing sector saw a significant boost in productivity and efficiency after implementing process automation. Automation enabled manufacturers to reduce production costs, improve product quality, and increase output, making them more competitive in the global market.

2. India's Textile Industry: India's textile industry, which was once struggling with inefficiencies and high labor costs, embraced process automation and saw a remarkable turnaround. Automation helped textile manufacturers reduce waste, improve fabric quality, and increase production capacity, making India one of the world's leading textile producers.

3. South Africa's Mining Sector: South Africa's mining sector, which was facing challenges such as labor disputes and inefficient processes, implemented process automation and saw a significant improvement in productivity and safety. Automation enabled mines to optimize production, reduce costs, and improve working conditions.

4. Brazil's Agriculture Sector: Brazil's agriculture sector, which was struggling with inefficient irrigation systems and manual labor, adopted process automation and saw a significant increase in crop yields and productivity. Automation enabled farmers to optimize irrigation, reduce water waste, and improve crop quality.

5. Vietnam's Manufacturing Sector: Vietnam's manufacturing sector, which was facing challenges such as labor shortages and inefficient processes, embraced process automation and saw a remarkable growth in productivity and efficiency. Automation enabled manufacturers to reduce production costs, improve product quality, and increase output, making Vietnam an attractive destination for foreign investment.

These success stories demonstrate how process automation can transform industries and drive economic growth in underdeveloped economies. By embracing automation, these countries were able to overcome inefficiencies, improve productivity, and become more competitive in the global market.

(Source: www.bigazi.com)

Benefits of Process Automation for Technological communities, Advanced Manufacturing Leaders And Government Leaders.

Benefits for Technology Communities:

Process automation brings numerous benefits for technology communities in underdeveloped economies, including:

Enhanced innovation: Automation drives innovation, enabling tech communities to develop new solutions and applications.

Improved efficiency: Automation optimizes processes, reducing waste and increasing productivity.

– Increased competitiveness: Automation enables tech communities to compete globally, attracting investment and talent.

Benefits for Advanced Manufacturing Leaders:

Automation offers significant advantages for advanced manufacturing leaders in underdeveloped economies, including:

Increased productivity: Automation boosts output, reducing costs and improving product quality.

Improved efficiency: Automation optimizes production, reducing waste and increasing competitiveness.

Enhanced innovation: Automation enables leaders to invest in R&D, driving innovation and growth.

Benefits for Government Leaders:

Process automation provides several benefits for government leaders in underdeveloped economies, including:

Economic growth: Automation drives economic growth, increasing GDP and stimulating innovation.

– Job creation: Automation creates new job opportunities in fields like maintenance, programming and data analysis

– Improved Governance: Automation reduces corruption, increases transparency and enhances public service delivery.

In conclusion, process automation offers a transformative opportunity for underdeveloped economies to leapfrog traditional development stages and achieve rapid economic growth, improved living standards, and increased competitiveness. By automating manual processes, underdeveloped economies can increase productivity, reduce costs, and improve the quality of goods and services. Automation also enables governments to improve transparency, accountability, and public services, leading to increased citizen trust and engagement. Moreover, process automation can help address pressing development challenges such as access to healthcare, education, and financial services, ultimately reducing poverty and inequality.

As underdeveloped economies continue to face significant development challenges, embracing process automation can be a game-changer. It offers a unique opportunity to bypass traditional development stages and rapidly close the gap with developed economies. With the right policies, investments, and partnerships, underdeveloped economies can harness the power of process automation to drive sustainable economic growth, improve living standards, and create a brighter future for their citizens.

So, what will it take for underdeveloped economies to fully embrace process automation and unlock their full potential for growth and development?

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